by Kiko Matsing
Chicago, IL (2015)
The Art and Crafts Movement was the leading style of the American Gilded Age, a period of rapid economic growth from the industrial revolution of the late 19th century. The movement itself was a reaction to the mechanization of production, and emphasized the artisanal.
Arts and Crafts, as well as the related movement, Art Nouveau, emphasized the applied arts, such as the art and traditional craftmanship of the stained glass.
Art Nouveau became a precursor to Art Deco in the early 20th century, which in a turn around, glorified industrialization by elevating the streamlined machine into an aesthetic value.